to equity markets, structural developments of most interest relate
to the infrastructure of stock exchanges on the one hand and equity
derivative exchanges on the other. First, within the euro area,
equity investment and trading activities appear to be less and less
influenced by country-specific factors and increasingly subject
to area-wide considerations.
In the field of
banking, the securitisation trend appears to demand strategic and
organisational adjustment on the part of banks. The relative importance
of the more traditional types of banking activity can be seen to
be decreasing, even though it should be mentioned that traditional
banking activities have nonetheless continued to grow at a rate
exceeding that of growth of nominal GDP. In the euro area, growth
in recent years has been much more rapid in assets under the management
of mutual funds and other institutional investors than in the assets
of banks. This reflects a tendency towards decreasing the relative
weight of bank deposits compared with securities in financial wealth.
the countries of the European Union (EU) has various health insurance
system. The introduction of a single European health insurance card
will simplify the procedure for obtaining medical assistance if
needed during their stay in any EU country.
representative of Eastern Europe Czech Republic is also not an exception.
Czech Republic: interlocking ancient and rich history, diverse and
multifaceted culture and modernity, a country that wishes to the
whole better, the new. There was a path of social health insurance
with a private, fee-paying medicine to the public with free medical
care, doctors section, the fee for the symbolic drugs. Public Health
form substantially affected the quality of medical service, led
to shortages of some services and medications, doctors deprived
of material incentive.
like other countries in Eastern Europe, the emergence of the past,
the way the medical system of social insurance to public medicine
and vice versa. Before the Second World War, the country adopted
the social insurance for non-agricultural workers and free health
care for the poor. In the 1972 Constitution enshrines the right
to medical assistance to the sick, pensioners and the disabled (http://www.krugosvet.ru).
country in Eastern Europe drew attention not only a rich cultural
heritage. That State is the birthplace of the great composer Frederick
Chopin and famous Mary Sklodovskoy-Kyuri which opened polonium and
radium. Country, where Nicholas Copernicus was born scholar and
a distinguished poet Adam Mickiewicz. Poland has introduced new
laws and restructured healthcare industry. Of the state structure
medicine transformed into social security, as confirmed by law.
Health-care reform adopted in 1999 (http://www.polska.ru). Financing
of mandatory health insurance is effected by the payment of contributions
to the Health fund (Kasa Chorych). The insured package is provided
free medical care.
of the Ottoman Empire, Bulgaria was far from the leader in Europe.
In addressing the problems of population health was granted self.
After russsian-turkey War 1877-1878 biennium. in the liberated parts
of the country, the organization created to provide medical assistance
to refugees, orphans and widows. Russian army collecting funds and
distributing aid to affected populations. As in 1882 in Bulgaria
Fund was created to ensure the disease and working in connection
with the accident.
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